Common Sense, written by Thomas Paine, was published late in the month of January 1776. Common Sense presented arguments to refute the divine birthright of kings. Paine made the case for individual sovereignty, declaring all powers of government are derived from the individuals that created the government.
A new pamphlet called Common Sense Revisited addresses the current spending orgy in Washington, D.C. COAST recommends it for your reading. Access it here.